The Eightieth Infantry Illinois Volunteers was organized at Centralia, Ill., in August, 1862, by Colonel T. G. Allen, and mustered into United States’ service August 25, 1862.
Ordered to Louisville, September 4, and was assigned to the Thirty-third Brigade, Tenth Division, Army of the Ohio, Brigadier General Terrell commanding Brigade; Brigadier General Jackson commanding Division , and Brigadier General McCook commanding Corps.
October 1, under General Buell, marched in pursuit of Bragg, and, passing through Taylorville, Bloomfield and Mackville, was engaged in the battle of Perryville, October 8, losing 14 killed and 58 wounded, including Lieutenant Von Kemmel killed, Lieutenant Andrews mortally wounded, and Lieutenant Colonel Rodgers and Lieutenant Pace severely wounded. Generals Jackson and Terrell were also killed.
October 12, moved through Danville, Lebanon and New Market to Mumfordsville. October 31 and November 26, made two marches to Cave City and returned. November 30, moved, via Glasgow and Hartsville, to Bledsoe Creek. December 26, started in pursuit of John Morgan, marching via Scottsville and Glasgow, to Bear Wallow, arriving December 31.
January 2, 1863, having discontinued the pursuit of John Morgan, marched to Cave City, Bowling Green and Nashville, Tenn., January 8, and Murfreesboro, January 10.
Was assigned to the Fourteenth Army Corps, General J. J. Reynolds Division.
March 20, the Brigade of 1,500 men and two pieces of artillery, while on a scout, was attacked by John Morgan and 5,000 of the enemy; but they were repulsed with heavy loss.
April 7, moved to Nashville, and was assigned to Brigade of Colonel A. D. Straight, Fifty-first Indiana Volunteers. Brigade consisting of Fifty-first and Seventy-third Indiana, Third Ohio, Eightieth Illinois, and two companies of Tennessee cavalry, with two mountain howitzers, embarked, moving down the Cumberland and up the Tennessee rivers, and landed at Eastport, Miss., April 19.
Marched to Tuscumbia, where the Regiment was mounted. April 26, moved from Tuscumbia. Were attacked at Dug’s Gap and Sand Mountain, but on both occasions repulsed the enemy, and, at Sand Mountain captured a battery of two guns. Loss in the regiment, two killed and sixteen wounded. Captain E. R. Jones killed, Adjutant J.C. Jones mortally wounded, and Lieutenant Pavey severely wounded.
At Blunt’s farm, May 2, again, defeated the enemy, and, May 3, was surrendered to a vastly superior force, under General Forrest, who, contrary to stipulation, stole its blankets, watches and money. We were taken to Rome, and paroled and sent in coal cars to Atlanta. From this place the officers were sent to Libby prison. The enlisted men were sent, via Knoxville, Tenn., and Lynchville, Va., to Richmond, arriving May 13, and thence to City Point, arriving at Annapolis May 17. On the 18th, moved to Camp Chase, O.
On June 28, having been declared exchanged, moved to St. Louis. On 29th, moved to Nashville, Tenn., Lieutenant Herman Steinecke taking command of the regiment, Colonel T. G. Allen having resigned and Lieutenant Colonel A. F. Rodgers and Major E. N. Bates being prisoners of war.
September 8, moved to Stevenson, Ala., Captain Cunningham taking command. October 16, moved to Battle Creek, Tenn. 23d, marched to Bridgeport and reported to General Howard, commanding Eleventh Army Corps. Was assigned to Third Brigade, Colonel Hecker, Third Division, General Carl Shura. On 27th, moved to Lookout Valley, and was present at the battle of Wauhatchie.
November 24 and 25, was engaged in the battle of Mission Ridge.
On the 29th, commenced march to Knoxville, Tenn., reaching Louisville, 14 miles from Knoxville, December 5. Longstreet having retreated, the command returned, arriving at Lookout Valley December 17. This march was made without wagons, tents or baggage, and rations were foraged from the country. The command suffered from want of clothing and shoes.
On the 24th of December, was assigned to Third Brigade, Colonel William Grose, Thirty-sixth Indiana; First Division, General D. S. Stanley; Fourth Corps, Major General Gordon Granger commanding.
January 27, 1864, moved from Whiteside, via Chattanooga and Cleveland, to Charleston, Tenn., and thence to Blue Springs.
May 3, 1864, commenced the Atlanta Campaign. Participated in the battles of Dalton, Resaca, Adirsville, Cassville, Dallas, Pine Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Marietta, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro and Lovejoy Station. During the campaign, the regiment captured about 150 prisoners, and lost 25 killed and 60 wounded.
Camped at Atlanta, September 9. Marched October 3, in pursuit of Hood, to Allatoona, and via Kingston, to Rome; thence to Galesville, Ala.; thence, via Alpine, Fayette and Rossville to Chattanooga, arriving October 30. Moved to Athens, Ala., and to Pulaski, Tenn. 22d of November, commenced falling back to Nashville, and captured a three gun battery and 100 prisoners. January 5, arrived at Huntsville, Ala. 7th, Major E. N. Bates, having returned, assumed command.
March 12, moved to Knoxville, Tenn.; thence to Bull’s Gap and Shield’s Mill, March 28. Moved to Greenville, April 1, and from thence returned to Nashville.
June 10, 1865, mustered out of service and proceeded to Camp Butler, Ill., for final pay and discharge.
Only four of the captured officers ever returned to the regiment. The remainder being held as prisoners until March 1, 1865, when they were paroled for exchange.
The Eightieth has traveled over 6,000 miles and been in over twenty battles. 1)History from the Adjutant General’s Report.
|Name and Rank||Residence||Date of Rank|
|James L. Mann||Liberty||Aug. 25, 1862||Resigned Mar. 13, 1863|
|Samuel T. Jones||Liberty||Mar. 14, 1863||Disch. May 15, 1865|
|Harvey Clendenin||Liberty||“||Died July 17, 1864, wounds|
|Goodwin Scudmore||Liberty||July 10, 1864||MO June 10, 1864 as 1st Lt.|
|Samuel T. Jones||Liberty||Aug. 25, 1862||Promoted|
|Goodwin Scudmore||Liberty||Mar. 14, 186 3||Promoted|
|James L. Brown||Steele’s Mills||May 15, 1865||MO June 10, 1865 as Sgt.|
|Goodwin Scudmore||Liberty||Aug. 25, 1862||Promoted|
|Harvey Clendenin||Liberty||Mar. 14, 1863||Promoted|
|John Criley||Liberty||May 15, 1865||MO June 10, 1865 as Sgt.|
|Harvey Clendenin||Liberty||July 28, 1862||Promoted 2d Lt.|
|James D. Mansker||Liberty||July 28, 1862||Reduced, Died New Albany, IN|
May 5, 1863
|Ellis Thurston||Liberty||“||Reduced, Wounded, Resaca, GA|
MO June 10, 1865
|Thomas Tudor||Randolph County||“||Disch. Aug. 9, 1863, Disability|
|John Criley||Liberty||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Sgt.|
|John A. Hust||Jackson County||July 28, 1862||Disch. Jan. 23, 1863, Disability|
|Cornelius Duncan||Jackson County||“||Reduced at own request,|
MO June 10, 1865
|Harvey Belderback||Jackson County||“||Disch. Mar. 12, 1863, Disability|
|Oliver F. Penny||Randolph County||“||Pvt. Died Gallatin, TN, Jan. 26, 1863|
|John T. Steele||Randolph County||“||Disch. Jan. 23, 1863, Disability|
|Victor Glodo, Jr.||Jackson County||“||Deserted June 26, 1863|
|Samuel Carter||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Sgt.|
|James McKinna||Liberty||“||Died Murfreesboro, TN, Apr. 6, 1863|
|John Thomason||Steele’s Mills||July 28, 1862||Disch. May 13, 1863, Disability|
|James J. Clark||Jackson County||“||Reduced at own request, MO June 10, 1865|
|James Brown||Steele’s Mills||July 28, 1862||Died Murfreesboro, TN, Feb. 2, 1863|
|Asburey, Charles M.||Jackson County||July 28, 1862||MO June 10, 1865|
|Asher, Alvin B.||Jackson County||“||“|
|Bradshaw, Elisha||Jackson County||“||Disch. May 1, 1863, Disability|
|Bradshaw, Josiah D.||Jackson County||“||Absent sick at MO of Reg.|
|Bottom, James||Steele’s Mills||“||Wounded, absent at MO of Reg.|
|Brown, Isaac A.||Steele’s Mills||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Brown, James L.||Steele’s Mills||“||MO June 10, 1865 as 1st Sgt.|
|Briant, James||Jefferson County||“||Deserted Oct. 30, 1862|
|Briant, Thomas||Jefferson County||“||“|
|Burk, John H.||Randolph County||“||Disch. Jan. 28, 1865 as Cpl., Disability|
|Brees, John||Jackson County||“||Disch Nov. 5, 1862, Disability|
|Boone, William||Jackson County||“||Died July 4, 1864, wounds|
|Boren, James R.||Jackson County||“||Disch. May 20, 1863, Disability|
|Barber, Philip D.||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Beckett, John F.||Randolph County||“||Disch. Nov. 24, 1862, Disability|
|Clevenger, Samuel||Jackson County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Criley, Cyrus||Randolph County||“||“|
|Cross, McHenry||Jackson County||“||Died Gallatin, TN, Mar. 4, 1863|
|Curless, John M.||Jackson County||“||Disch. Jan. 25, 1863, Disability|
|Cross, Francis W.||Jackson County||“||Killed Chaplin Hills, KY, Oct. 8, 1862|
|Clendenin, Moses W.||Randolph County||“||Tr. to N.C.S. Sept. 1, 1863|
|Childers, Samuel W.||Randolph County||“||Died Chattanooga, TN, May 30, 1864|
|Conant, James H.||Randolph County||“||Wounded, absent at MO of Reg.|
|Duncan, John D.||Jackson County||“||Died Mumfordsville, KY, Nov. 17, 1862|
|Doggett, Asa J.||Jackson County||“||Died Centralia, IL, Sept. 3, 1862|
|Eaton, Daniel||Liberty||“||Died Murfreesboro, TN, Feb. 16, 1863|
|Franklin, Samuel B.||Jackson County||“||Tr. to 38th IL Inf.|
|Fletcher, James A.||Randolph County||“||Died Mumfordsville, KY, Nov. 15, 1862|
|Glodo, Victor, Sr.||Jackson County||“||Disch. Nov. 24, 1862, Disability|
|Gray, Thomas B.||Jackson County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Hobbs, Thomas||Randolph County||“||Died Chattanooga, TN, Feb. 21, 1864|
|Hamilton, Samuel L.||Jackson County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Cpl.|
|Hillin, Emanuel||Jackson County||“||Died Paducah, KY, May 25, 1863|
|Hardy, William P.||Jackson County||“||Disch. Jan. 8, 1864, Disability|
|Hill, James||Steele’s Mills||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Holloman, Francis M.||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Cpl.|
|Isom, James H.||Jackson County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Jenkin, Walter||?||“||Died Louisville, KY, July 1, 1863|
|Jernigan, Henry||Randolph County||“||Absent, sick at MO of Reg.|
|Johnston, Richard M.||Jackson County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Johnson, John||Jackson County||“||Died Murfreesboro, TN, Apr. 4, 1863|
|Johnston, Joel||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Jernigan, Allen||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Cpl.|
|Jenkins, James H.||Steele’s Mills||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Keeler, Samuel B.||Centralia||“||Died Chattanooga, TN, July 8, 1864|
|Keeton, James W.||Randolph County||“||Died Mumfordsville, KY, Dec. 15, 1862|
|Landes, James E.||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Lee, Hiram B.||Jackson County||“||“|
|Low, James A.||Randolph County||“||“|
|Miller, John||Randolph County||“||“|
|Miller, Mathias||Randolph County||“||Died Munfordsville, KY, Nov. 3, 1862|
|McKinna, Hugh||Randolph County||“||Killed Lovejoy Station, GA, Sept. 2, 1864|
|McDonald, Jacob||Randolph County||“||Died Cave City, KY, Nov. 22, 1862|
|McCormack, Wm. C.||Jackson County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Cpl., wounded|
|McLaughlin, Robert||Jackson County||“||Died Mumfordsville, KY, Nov. 2, 1862|
|Mann, Jonathan B.||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Sgt.|
|McMillen, John W.||Randolph County||“||Wounded, absent at MO of Reg.|
|Morris, Wesley||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|McConnell, Moses||Jackson County||“||Disch. Jan. 3, 1863, Disability|
|Parres, Vincent||Liberty||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Pitman, Linzy||Jackson County||“||Died Cave City, KY, Oct. 1862|
|Pointer, Henry||Jackson County||“||Died Murfreesboro, TN, Mar. 7, 1863|
|Redburn, Casey||Centralia||“||Died Mumfordsville, KY, Nov. 22, 1862|
|Ross, William D.||Randolph County||“||Tr. to V. R. C., Feb. 23, 1865|
|Simons, Edward||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Cpl.|
|Spinner, Joseph||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Snell, John H.||Jackson County||“||Died Mumfordsville, KY, Nov. 24, 1862|
|Simpson, James G.||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Cpl.|
|Snell, James C.||Jackson County||“||Died Mumfordsville, KY, Dec. 4, 1862|
|Schnetts, Charles A.||Randolph County||“||Died Reedyville, TN, Mar. 10, 1863|
|Stone, John H.||Jackson County||“||Tr. to V. R. C., Sept. 2, 1863|
|Thomas, Henry K.||Randolph County||“||Died Murfreesboro, TN, Mar. 16, 1863|
|Thomas, Thurston||Steele’s Mills||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Underhill, Jonathan||Jackson County||“||Tr. to V. R. C., Sept. 2, 1863|
|VanBrunt, Isaac S.||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Sgt.|
|Wood, John M.||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865 as Cpl.|
|Wilson, Johnston||Randolph County||“||“|
|Wilkinson, William||Jackson County||“||Died New Albany, IN, Oct. 20, 1862|
|Wells, James H.||Randolph County||“||Died Murfreesboro, TN, Apr. 4, 1863|
|Whitehouse, Joseph||Randolph County||“||Died Murfreesboro, TN, May 22, 1863|
|Wilson, Harvey||Randolph County||“||MO June 10, 1865|
|Childers, John B.||Randolph County||Sept. 3, 1862||MO June 10, 1865|
|Jones, Robert C.||?||Sept. 7, 1862||Died Murfreesboro, TN, Feb. 9, 1863|
|Johnson, William||Mackinaw||July 11, 1862||Tr. to 38th IL Inf.|
|Nelson, John J.||?||July 1, 1863||Tr. to 38th IL Inf.|
Sources: [ + ]
|1.||↑||History from the Adjutant General’s Report.|