The Sixteenth Infantry Illinois Volunteers was organized and mustered into United States’ service at Quincy, Ill., under the “Ten Regiment Act,” on the 24th day of May, 1861. It was mustered in by Captain T. G. Pitcher, U.S.A.

June 12, 1861, moved to Grand River as railroad guard; after which the Regiment was scattered along the line of the road as guard. July 10, Colonel Smith’s force was attacked at Monroe Station by 1,600 mounted Rebels, but held his position until the arrival of reinforcements, when the enemy retired. On the 16th, lost two men wounded at Caldwell Station. August 20, regiment moved under General Hurlbut to Kirksville, and in pursuit of General Green, arriving at Hannywell on September 1.

September 10, ordered to St. Joseph, Mo. On 14th, together with the Third Iowa Infantry, has a skirmish at Platte City. 17th, returned to St. Joseph.

January 27th, ordered to Bird’s Point, Mo. March 3, ordered to New Madrid, where we were attached to the Army of Mississippi, Second Brigade, Colonel James D. Morgan, First Division, Brigadier General E. A. Paine.

On the evening of the 12th of March the Tenth and Sixteenth Illinois Volunteers were thrown forward and erected a line of earthworks, mounting four heavy guns, within half a mile of the enemy’s works.

March 13, the battle of New Madrid was fought, the Sixteenth supporting the siege guns.

April 7th, were landed on the opposite side of the Mississippi, with the Tenth Illinois, and followed the retreating army to Tiptonville, Tenn., where we captured 5,000 prisoners, a large amount of artillery, small arms and ammunition. April 9th, returned to New Madrid; 13th, embarked for Osceola, Ark.; 17th, embarked for Hamburg, Tenn., where we arrived 22nd. Participated in the siege of Corinth.  After the evacuation, pursued the retreating army to Booneville; June 12th, returned and camped at Big Springs.

July 20, moved to Tuscumbia; 29th, crossed the Tennessee at Florence.

September 15, arrived at Nashville, after a seventeen days’ march, with continual guerrilla fighting – loss, one killed and five wounded.

Garrisoned Edgefield, Tenn., guarding railroad bridge. November 5, garrison was attacked by Rebel General Morgan, who was repulsed, leaving many dead upon the field. Our loss, one killed and five wounded.

The regiment remained at Edgefield until the middle of July, 1863, when it broke camp and marched to Murfreesboro, where it remained one month; thence it marched to Columbia, Tennessee; thence to Athens, Huntsville and Stevenson, Alabama, camping a few days at the latter place, when it made a forced march to Bridgeport, where with the brigade, it guarded ordnance stores and pontoon bridge against a threatened attack. The battle of Chickamauga having just been fought, Bragg was threatening the rear of Rosecran’s army.

In October a march was made up the Sequatchie valley, as far as Anderson’s Gap, a distance of forty miles.

The Sixteenth had been in the First Brigade, First Division, Army of the Cumberland. At Anderson’s Gap orders were received transferring it and the entire brigade to First Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth Army Corps. The brigade was commanded by General Morgan, the Division by General Jeff C. Davis, and the corps by Palmer. The regiment remained in this brigade, division and corps until the close of the war. From Anderson’s Gap the regiment marched to Waldron’s Bridge, and for a few weeks guarded a line of transportation on the Tennessee River; thence it moved to Kelly’s Ferry, where it encamped until January, 1864, where it was engaged in the arduous duty of unloading from boats the rations and ammunition sent forward to the enemy which lay at Chattanooga, sixty miles above.

December 20 to 31, the regiment re-enlisted as veterans, and on New Years Day, 1864, left for Illinois on a furlough of thirty days.  Returning, marched to Rossville, Georgia, the latter part of February; went into camp with the rest of brigade and division.

Moved with Sherman’s Army on the Atlanta campaign; was in advance division at Buzzard Roost, where a sharp fight was kept up for one day in which the regiment lost 18 killed and wounded; withdrawing from Buzzard Roost with the Fourteenth and Fifteenth corps, the latter under the command of General Logan, made a night march, fighting the battle of Resaca and flanking the rebels from Dalton. From Resaca the regiment moved with the division which was sent by steamer to capture Rome, an important rebel city which was taken after a fight, in which the Sixteenth sustained no loss. From Rome the regiment moved to Lost Mountain, thence to Kenesaw Mountain, where for a time it lay under the fierce cannonade of a hundred guns on that natural fortress; was afterwards reserve line of the charging corps on June 27, when in a few minutes the army lost 3,000 men; the loss of the regiment was 10 or 15. Thence on to the Chattahootchee river, where the Sixteenth was the first to cross, driving back the heavy picket line of the enemy, losing over 20 men. It participated in the battle Peach Tree Creek, losing a number by wounds and prisoners by marching into the enemy while the regiment was making a night reconnoiter.

After the investment of Atlanta, the regiment held a position on the front and for thirty days was constantly engaged in skirmish firing. Then it withdrew from the front and swung around the city to the west. June 30th was in the thickest of the fight at Jonesboro. In the famous Atlanta campaign, the Fourteenth Army Corps at that place, in which Hardee’s force was broken, a large portion of it captured, and Atlanta won, the Sixteenth charged with fixed bayonets and empty guns. Owing to the ground over which the regiment charged its loss was less than regiments to the right and left which lost twice the number.

After the capture of Atlanta, the regiment went into camp nearly a month. While Hood was making his raid to the rear, the regiment was sent back to Chattanooga, Huntsville and as far as Athens. Hood having moved further west changed the plans of Sherman, the regiment returned to Atlanta. Here the corps was taken from the Army of the Cumberland, and, with the Twelfth Corps, became the Army of Georgia. The regiment participated in the famous march through Georgia to the sea. Being on the most advanced post at the evacuation of Savannah, it had the honor of being the representative regiment of the Fourteenth Army to take formal possession of the city. Marched north during February and March, 1865; assisted in the capture of Columbus and Fayetteville; was in fierce fight at Averysboro, where, during the afternoon of March 16, the regiment lost 15 or 20 killed and wounded, one of whom was Captain White, of Company A, who was commanding the force, and who fell, mortally wounded, while leading a charge across the field.

On the 19th, 20th and 21st of March, at the battle of Bentonville, the division of which the Sixteenth was a part, withstood for five hours, during the first day’s battle, the six times repeated onslaught of Johnson’s entire army. The Sixteenth being in the front line, while repelling a charge saw the rebels, who had been successful at another point, swing around it, and drive the supporting regiment from their works and into the swamp. Having repelled the assault in front, the Sixteenth climbed over the temporary breastworks and opened fire on what five minutes before had been its rear. After a few shots, with the assistance of the Fourteenth Michigan, charged the rebel line, capturing some 800. The second day of the battle the Sixteenth, in conjunction with the Fourteenth Michigan, through a mistake order of the colonel of the latter, made a charge into the center of the rebel forces, and for over a quarter of an hour was under as murderous a front and flank fire as ever rained on troops. In this brief space of time a third of the regiment fell, having less than 300 in line in going into the fight, Company A, with twenty-seven men, lost ten, seven of whom died on the field, or soon after. This was the last battle of the war the Sixteenth was engaged in, but it was the most terrible of them all.

After this battle the Sixteenth was marched to Goldsboro, where it encamped a month; thence to Raleigh and Durham Station, where Johnson surrendered his army to Sherman. Marched with Sherman’s Army to Richmond and Washington; participated in the grand review at the latter place May 24, 1865, after which the regiment proceeded to Louisville, Kentucky, where it was mustered out on the 8th of July, after a term of service of four years and three months, and a week later it arrived in Springfield, Illinois, where it received its final pay and discharge papers. 1)History from the Adjutant General’s Report.

Name and Rank Residence Date of Rank or Enlistment Date of Muster Remarks
Captains.
Virgil Y. Ralston Macomb Apr. 26,1861 May 24,1861 Resigned Mar, 13,1862
Benjamin F. Pinckley Mar. 13,1862 Resigned July 11, 1862
Eben White Bushnell July 11, 1862 Aug. 13,1862 Died of wounds May 18,’65.
Ambrose Updegraff July 3, 1865 July 4,1865 Mustered out July 8,1865.
First Lieutenants.
Benjamin F. Pinckley Bushnell Apr. 26,1861 May 24,1861 Promoted
H.M. Bartholomew Macomb Mar. 13,1862 Dismissed Sept. 7.1863
Henry Gash Sept. 7,1863 Dec. 23,1863 Mustered out Dec. 28, 1964
Ambrose Updegraff Bushnell Apr.7,1865 May 1,1865 Promoted
John Mason July 3, 1865 Not must’d. M. 0. July 8’65, as Serg’t.
Second Lieutenants.
H. M. Bartholomew Macomb May 3,1861 May 24,1861 Promoted
Henry Gash Mar. 13,1862 Apr. 6,1862
William F. Bain July 3,1866 Not must’d. M. 0. July 8,’65. as Serg’t
First Sergeant,
Henry W . Gash Macomb May 24,1861 May 24,1861 Promoted 2d Lieutenant..
Sergeant,
Clark E. Morse Bushnell May 24,1861 June 1,1861 Trans.to 60th Ill.’ Jan. 1.’64
John E. Lane Macomb Rec. officer since Dec 8’63
Charles L. Sanders Trans. to 60th Ill.. Jan. 1’64
Harlow A. Watson Augusta June 1,1861 Died Aug. 25, 1862
Corporals,
Joseph M. Gaston Macomb May 24,1861 May 24, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran
Marsh B. Burr
William H. Bonham Mustered out June 23, 1864
John V. Mason Bushnell Re-enlisted as Veteran
John C. Bell Macomb Discharged Sept. 24,1862
William Morrison Bushnell Re-enlisted as Veteran
James S. Hainline Macomb
William F. Baine
Musicians.
Enoch Welker Macomb May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran….
Samuel P. Danley Discharged Dec. 16,1861
Privates.
Adams, Edward A Bushnell May24,1861 May 24,1861 Discharged June 12,1864
Allison, Joshua Re-enlisted as Veteran
Allaire. Frank New York Promoted Sergeant Major
Brandon, Calvin K Macomb Sick. Jefferson B’k s July 11’62
Boggs, James B Springfield Re enlisted as Veteran
Brownell, Abram Quincy June 1, 1861 Discharged Nov. 27, 1861
Bell, James P Macomb Re-enlisted as Veteran
Brooks, Harrison Discharged July 9,162
Chapman, Thomas B May 2,.1961 May 24,1861 Sick at Nashville Jan. 6,’63
Clark, Bentley N June 1,1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran
Doren, William M May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Discharged Dec. 16,1861
Disler, Benjamin Quincy Re-enlisted as Veteran
Delaney, Patrick H Bushnell
Ervin, James
Fishbourne,Thos. M Macomb Mustered out July 11,1864
Forrest, James M Re-enlisted as Veteran
Franklin, William J
Fitzgerald, Michael Quincy
Freeman, Bird J Vermont
Gordon. Harrison Macomb Trans. to 60th Ill. Jan. 1,’64
Graham, John M
Grooms, Nathaniel C Bushnell
Gash, George B Macomb May 24,1961 May 24, 1861 Discharged Feb. 3,1863
Hainline, Baxter Re-enlisted as Veteran
Hainline, George L
Hainline, William H
Hampton, Van C Trans. to 60th Ill. Jan. 1,’64
Hampton, Harrison H
Hart, Henry Died June 2, 1862
Hayden, John
Head, William H Mustered out June 23, 1864
Hendrickson. Jas. F Bushnell Re-enlisted as Veteran
Henderson, Edward F Macomb Deserted Oct 24,1861
Hicks, William May 24,1861 May 24, 1961
Hook, Charles Bushnell* Re-enlisted at a Veteran
Hurley, Edward
Kelly, Edwin D
Kendrick, Nathaniel H Macomb Discharged Jan. 14,1862
King, William F Discharged Aug. 12,1962
Lea, Archibald T Discharged July 21, 1862
Logan, William Bushnell Re-enlisted as Veteran
Loucks,Wellington
Line, William Macomb Discharged June 3, 1862
Lane, Cyrus Macomb Nov. 1, 1861 Nov, 1, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran
Matteson, David W Bushnell May 24,1861 May 24,1861
Morrison, Robert
Montague, Charles Macomb Discharged Dec. 16,1861
McCartney, John Y Re-enlisted as Veteran
Merrick, John L Quincy Tr. by promotion 1st Kas., Nov. 1, 1861
Merrick, Charles W Industry Re-enlisted as Veteran
McCurdy, Martin
Mickey, Pierce F Vermont Died June 10, 1862
Magee, James Deserted at Big Spring
Miss. July 19, 1862
Overstreet, Wm. W Bushnell Re-enlisted as Veteran
Odell, Alfred C Huntsville June 30,1861 Discharged Dec. 2, 1861
Palmer, George E Quincy May 24,1861 May 24,1861 Discharged Aug. 2, 1861
Price, Miles Macomb Re-enlisted as Veteran
Prentice, William H Bushnell ‘I’rans. to 60th Ill. Inf
Ralston, James H Quincy May 24, 1861 May 24,1861 Discharged Oct. 15, 1862
Rutherford, Robert A. Macomb Discharged Nov. 17, 1861
Sackett, Charles Bushnell Discharged July 29, 1862
Shannon, Aaron Re-enlisted as Veteran
Slocum, George
Speake, Richard Discharged July 9, 1862
Spear, James T Sick at Nashville Jan. 6,’63.
Spencer, Benjamin F. Re-enlisted as Veteran
Sperry, Oren
Stainbrook, James H. Macomb Discharged July 29, 1862
Strenge, George Bushnell
Simmons, Fletcher C. June 30, 1861
Shrader, John B Macomb May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Died Aug. 25,1 861
Taylor, Thomas B Re-enlisted as Veteran
Taylor, Albert Bushnell
Thomas, Lloyd, Jr
Thomas, Able Died, Andersonville, June
24,1864. Grave 2424
Thompson, Ellis Trans. to 60th Ill. Jan. l,’64
Undegraff, Ambrose Re-enlisted as Veteran
Waters, Charles Macomb
Wheeler, George
Wood, Wesley W Trans. to 60th Ill., Jan. l,’61
Williams, Benjamin F Discharged Nov. 30, 186l
White, Eben Bushnell Appointed Q.M. Serg,. July
24,1861, and prom. Capt..
Veterans
Allison, Joshua Macomb Dec. 23, 1863 Dee. 23, 1863 M. O. July 8 ’65. as Corp’l.
Boggs, John B M. O. Absent on furlough
Bell, James P Mustered out July 8, 1865
Bain, William F Prom. Sergt. Mustered
out; absent on furlough.
Clark, Bentley N M. O. absent on furlough.
Delaney, Patrick H Trans. to N. C. S. Mar. 3,’64
Disler, Benjamin F Died Jan. 10, 1865
Erwin, James Mustered out July 8, 1865
Franklin, William J Dec. 30, 1863 Dec. 30, 1863
Fitzgerald, Michael Dec. 23, 1863 Dec. 23. 1863
Forrest, James M
Gaston, Joseph M
Hainline, George L Killed at Bentonville, N.C.
Mar. 20, 1865
Hainline, Baxter M. O. absent on furlough
Hainline, James L Disch. June 30,’65: wounds
Hainline, William H M. O. July 8, ’65 asCorp’l.
Hendrickson, Jas. F Mustered out July 8, 1865
Hurley, Edward
Hook, Charles
Kelly, Edwin D Killed at Jonesboro, Ga
Sept. 1, 1864
Lane, Cyrus Missing since battle of
Bentonville. N.C.
Logan, William Mustered out July 8, 1865
Morrison, William Prom. Corp’l. Mustered
out; absent on furlough.
Morrison, Robert Mustered out July 8,1865
Mason, John V
Matteson, David W Absent on furlough; M.O.
McCurdy, Martin V Mustered out July 8,1865
McCartney, John Y Absent on furlough M. 0.
Merrick, Charles W… Dec. 30, 1863 Dec. 30, 1863 Killed at Bentonville, N.C.
March 20,1865
Overstreet, William W Dec. 23, 1863 Dec. 23, 1863 Died Mar. 22, ’65: wounds.
Price, Miles Trans. to 1st U. S. Eng. Vet.
Shannon, Aaron Macomb Dec. 23, 1863 Dec. 23, 1863 Disch. June 2, ’65; wounds
Stainbrook, James H. Mustered out July & 1865
Speake, Richard H Disch. June 10,’65; wounds
Slocum, George Absent on furlough; M. 0.
Sperry, Orren Died May 31, 1861
Taylor, Albert Mustered out July & 1865
Taylor, Thomas B
Thomas, Lloyd Absent on furlough; M.O.
Updegraff, Ambrose Disch. and prom. 1st Lieut.
Co. A. Apr. 30,1865
Wheeler, George Disch. June 30,’65. wounds
Waters, Charles Died Apr. 24,’65. wounds
Welker, Enoch Trans. to N.C.S., Dec.23,’63
Recruits.
Alfred, Martin L Shabbona Feb. 14, 1865 Feb.14,1865 Mustered out July 8, 1865
Crook, Samuel H Camp Grove Feb. 1, 1864 Feb. 1, 1864
Crowl, John H Bushnell Jan. 28, 1864 Jan. 28, 1864 Killed at Bentonville. N.C.
March 20,1865
Campbell, John T Feb. 9, 1864 Feb. 9,1864 Mustered out
Cresey, George W Hero Mar. 22, 1864 Mar. 22, 1864 Mustered out July 8, 1865
Clark, Richard J Macomb Feb. 17, 1861 Feb. 17, 1864
Chaffan, Joseph Oct. 23, 1862
Craig, Charles W Eastern Nov. 10, 1864 Nov. 15, 1864
Crook, Reuben J Camp Grove Dec. 23, 1863 Dec. 23, 1863 Mustered out
Donar, Joseph Augusta Feb. 22, 1865 Feb. 24, 1865
Donaldson, Reuben Shabbona Mar. 28, 1865 Mar. 30, 1865
Donaldson, Russell Mustered out July 8, l865
Dwyre, Michael W I Aug. 7, 1862 Sept. 2, 1862
Ellis, Alvin D Emmett Feb. 4, 1864 Feb. 4, 1864 Mustered out
Ellis, Josiah Shabbona Mar. 28, 1865 Mar. 28, 1865 Mustered out July 8, 1865..
Edmonds, John W M. O. absent on furlough
Ford, Lyman W Mustered out July 8, 1865
Fox, Hugh Bethel Feb. 6, 1864 Feb. 6, 1864
Griffit, Edward Ellington Feb. 15, 1864 Feb. 15, 1864
Gilbert, Henry D Eastern Nov. 10, 1864 Nov. 15, 1864 Mustered out July 8, l865..
Holder, Curtiss Augusta Feb. 2, 1864 Feb. 2, 1864
Hastings, George F Prairie City Feb. 5, 1864 Feb. 5, 1864 Died Apr. 21, 1865; wounds.
Hamilton, George A Mustered out June 8, 1865
Hoskinson, William 0 Rushville Feb. 8, 1864 Feb. 8, 1864 Mustered out July 8, 1865
Holdter, William Augusta Feb. 22 1865 Feb. 24, 1865
Hainline, Nathan T Emmett Feb. 4, 1861 Feb. 4, 1864
Harper, Andrew G Chicago Oct. 24. 1864 Oct. 24, 1864
Kelly, William Bushnell Feb. 9, 1864 Feb. 9, 1864 Discharged June 10, 1865
Kendrick, James W Macomb Feb. 20, 1864 Feb. 20, 1864 Mustered out July 8, 1865
Keho, Miles Aug. 1, 1862 Sept. 2, 1862
Leighton, George W Penn Feb. 1, 1864 Feb. 1, 1864
Lamb, Curtis A Victor Jan. 8, 1864 Feb. 8, 1864 Mustered out July 8, 1865
McDonough, John W Bushnell Jan. 27, 1864 Jan. 27, 1864
Myer, Otto Rock Island co. Jan. 3, 1863 Jan. 3, 1863
McClintock, Henry Jan. 5, 1864 Jan. 5, 1864
Phillips Charles A Macomb Jan. 27, 1864 Jan. 27, 1864 Mustered out
Ragan, William M Emmett Feb. 4, 1864 Feb. 4, 1864 Absent on furlough; M.0
Smith, Joseph Quincy Jan. 18, 1864 Jan. 18, 1864
Spencer, Brainard T Galesburg Feb. 2, Feb. 2, Absent on furlough: DI. 0.
Smith, Charles W Macomb Mustered out July 8, 1865
Sherwood, Theodore J Mar. 28, 1865 Mar. 28, 1865
Thompson, Charles Quincy Jan. 18, 1864 Jan. 18, 1864
Thomas, Winfield S Bushnell Feb. 23, 1864 Feb. 23, 1864 Mustered out July 8, 1865

 

Sources:    [ + ]

1. History from the Adjutant General’s Report.
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