The Sixteenth Infantry Illinois Volunteers was organized and mustered into United States’ service at Quincy, Ill., under the “Ten Regiment Act,” on the 24th day of May, 1861. It was mustered in by Captain T. G. Pitcher, U.S.A.

June 12, 1861, moved to Grand River as railroad guard; after which the Regiment was scattered along the line of the road as guard. July 10, Colonel Smith’s force was attacked at Monroe Station by 1,600 mounted Rebels, but held his position until the arrival of reinforcements, when the enemy retired. On the 16th, lost two men wounded at Caldwell Station. August 20, regiment moved under General Hurlbut to Kirksville, and in pursuit of General Green, arriving at Hannywell on September 1.

September 10, ordered to St. Joseph, Mo. On 14th, together with the Third Iowa Infantry, has a skirmish at Platte City. 17th, returned to St. Joseph.

January 27th, ordered to Bird’s Point, Mo. March 3, ordered to New Madrid, where we were attached to the Army of Mississippi, Second Brigade, Colonel James D. Morgan, First Division, Brigadier General E. A. Paine.

On the evening of the 12th of March the Tenth and Sixteenth Illinois Volunteers were thrown forward and erected a line of earthworks, mounting four heavy guns, within half a mile of the enemy’s works.

March 13, the battle of New Madrid was fought, the Sixteenth supporting the siege guns.

April 7th, were landed on the opposite side of the Mississippi, with the Tenth Illinois, and followed the retreating army to Tiptonville, Tenn., where we captured 5,000 prisoners, a large amount of artillery, small arms and ammunition. April 9th, returned to New Madrid; 13th, embarked for Osceola, Ark.; 17th, embarked for Hamburg, Tenn., where we arrived 22nd. Participated in the siege of Corinth. After the evacuation, pursued the retreating army to Booneville; June 12th, returned and camped at Big Springs.

July 20, moved to Tuscumbia; 29th, crossed the Tennessee at Florence.

September 15, arrived at Nashville, after a seventeen days’ march, with continual guerrilla fighting – loss, one killed and five wounded.

Garrisoned Edgefield, Tenn., guarding railroad bridge. November 5, garrison was attacked by Rebel General Morgan, who was repulsed, leaving many dead upon the field. Our loss, one killed and five wounded.

The regiment remained at Edgefield until the middle of July, 1863, when it broke camp and marched to Murfreesboro, where it remained one month; thence it marched to Columbia, Tennessee; thence to Athens, Huntsville and Stevenson, Alabama, camping a few days at the latter place, when it made a forced march to Bridgeport, where with the brigade, it guarded ordnance stores and pontoon bridge against a threatened attack. The battle of Chickamauga having just been fought, Bragg was threatening the rear of Rosecran’s army.

In October a march was made up the Sequatchie valley, as far as Anderson’s Gap, a distance of forty miles.

The Sixteenth had been in the First Brigade, First Division, Army of the Cumberland. At Anderson’s Gap orders were received transferring it and the entire brigade to First Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth Army Corps. The brigade was commanded by General Morgan, the Division by General Jeff C. Davis, and the corps by Palmer. The regiment remained in this brigade, division and corps until the close of the war. From Anderson’s Gap the regiment marched to Waldron’s Bridge, and for a few weeks guarded a line of transportation on the Tennessee River; thence it moved to Kelly’s Ferry, where it encamped until January, 1864, where it was engaged in the arduous duty of unloading from boats the rations and ammunition sent forward to the enemy which lay at Chattanooga, sixty miles above.

December 20 to 31, the regiment re-enlisted as veterans, and on New Years Day, 1864, left for Illinois on a furlough of thirty days. Returning, marched to Rossville, Georgia, the latter part of February; went into camp with the rest of brigade and division.

Moved with Sherman’s Army on the Atlanta campaign; was in advance division at Buzzard Roost, where a sharp fight was kept up for one day in which the regiment lost 18 killed and wounded; withdrawing from Buzzard Roost with the Fourteenth and Fifteenth corps, the latter under the command of General Logan, made a night march, fighting the battle of Resaca and flanking the rebels from Dalton. From Resaca the regiment moved with the division which was sent by steamer to capture Rome, an important rebel city which was taken after a fight, in which the Sixteenth sustained no loss. From Rome the regiment moved to Lost Mountain, thence to Kenesaw Mountain, where for a time it lay under the fierce cannonade of a hundred guns on that natural fortress; was afterwards reserve line of the charging corps on June 27, when in a few minutes the army lost 3,000 men; the loss of the regiment was 10 or 15. Thence on to the Chattahootchee river, where the Sixteenth was the first to cross, driving back the heavy picket line of the enemy, losing over 20 men. It participated in the battle Peach Tree Creek, losing a number by wounds and prisoners by marching into the enemy while the regiment was making a night reconnoiter.

After the investment of Atlanta, the regiment held a position on the front and for thirty days was constantly engaged in skirmish firing. Then it withdrew from the front and swung around the city to the west. June 30th was in the thickest of the fight at Jonesboro. In the famous Atlanta campaign, the Fourteenth Army Corps at that place, in which Hardee’s force was broken, a large portion of it captured, and Atlanta won, the Sixteenth charged with fixed bayonets and empty guns. Owing to the ground over which the regiment charged its loss was less than regiments to the right and left which lost twice the number.

After the capture of Atlanta, the regiment went into camp nearly a month. While Hood was making his raid to the rear, the regiment was sent back to Chattanooga, Huntsville and as far as Athens. Hood having moved further west changed the plans of Sherman, the regiment returned to Atlanta. Here the corps was taken from the Army of the Cumberland, and, with the Twelfth Corps, became the Army of Georgia. The regiment participated in the famous march through Georgia to the sea. Being on the most advanced post at the evacuation of Savannah, it had the honor of being the representative regiment of the Fourteenth Army to take formal possession of the city. Marched north during February and March, 1865; assisted in the capture of Columbus and Fayetteville; was in fierce fight at Averysboro, where, during the afternoon of March 16, the regiment lost 15 or 20 killed and wounded, one of whom was Captain White, of Company A, who was commanding the force, and who fell, mortally wounded, while leading a charge across the field.

On the 19th, 20th and 21st of March, at the battle of Bentonville, the division of which the Sixteenth was a part, withstood for five hours, during the first day’s battle, the six times repeated onslaught of Johnson’s entire army. The Sixteenth being in the front line, while repelling a charge saw the rebels, who had been successful at another point, swing around it, and drive the supporting regiment from their works and into the swamp. Having repelled the assault in front, the Sixteenth climbed over the temporary breastworks and opened fire on what five minutes before had been its rear. After a few shots, with the assistance of the Fourteenth Michigan, charged the rebel line, capturing some 800. The second day of the battle the Sixteenth, in conjunction with the Fourteenth Michigan, through a mistake order of the colonel of the latter, made a charge into the center of the rebel forces, and for over a quarter of an hour was under as murderous a front and flank fire as ever rained on troops. In this brief space of time a third of the regiment fell, having less than 300 in line in going into the fight, Company A, with twenty-seven men, lost ten, seven of whom died on the field, or soon after. This was the last battle of the war the Sixteenth was engaged in, but it was the most terrible of them all.

After this battle the Sixteenth was marched to Goldsboro, where it encamped a month; thence to Raleigh and Durham Station, where Johnson surrendered his army to Sherman. Marched with Sherman’s Army to Richmond and Washington; participated in the grand review at the latter place May 24, 1865, after which the regiment proceeded to Louisville, Kentucky, where it was mustered out on the 8th of July, after a term of service of four years and three months, and a week later it arrived in Springfield, Illinois, where it received its final pay and discharge papers. 1)History from the Adjutant General’s Report.

Name and Rank Residence Date of Rank or Enlistment  Date of  muster Remarks
George W. Patrick ? May 14, 1861 May 24, 1861 Mustered out Sept. 25, 1861.
Abram Rowe Macomb Sept. 25, 1861 May 24, 1862 Mustered out Dec. 30, 1864.
John Merryman Clayton Dec. 30, 1864 Mar. 28, 1865 Mustered out July 8. 1865.
First Lieutenants
James P. Taylor ? May 14, 1861 May 24, 1861 Resigned July 25, 1861.
Edwin Moore Colchester July 26, 1861 Prom. to Major 21st Mo
James Donaldson ? June 27, 1862 Mar. 30, 1863 Killed July 17, 1864.
John Merryman Clayton July 17, 1864 Sept. 17, 1864 Promoted.
Pelatiah Wilson Bethel Dec. 30, 1864 Mar. 28, 1865 Mustered out July 8,1865.
Second Lieutenants
Edwin Moore Colchester May 14, 1861 Mar. 24, 1861 Promoted.
Thomas J. Coulter ? July 26, 1861 Promoted Quartermaster.
Lycurgus J. Crewdson Payson Nov. 20, 1862 Jan. 27, 1863 Mustered out Jan.27 1863.
Mark Heneby Quincy July 3, 1865 Not must’d. M.0. July 8,’65, as Serg’t.
First Sergeant
Ebenezer Rhodes Colchester May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Discharged May 24, 1862.
Sylvester C. Gilbert Bethel May 24, l861 May 24, 1861 Discharged Nov. 30, 1861.
James Donaldson Colchester
Andrew J. Duncan Bethel Discharged July 19, 1862.
Pelatiah L. Wilson Re-enlisted as Veteran.
James M. Johnson Bethel May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Tr. to 60th Ill.. Jan. 11 1864.
John P. Humbert Colchester Discharged March 1,1862
Edward Wilson Tr. to 60th Ill., Jan. 1 1864.
Richard Beston
Don C. Salisbury Tr. To 60th Ill., Jan. 1, 1861.
Richard Hobert
William Wilson Middletown Discharged July 8, 1862.
George W. Bates Quincy Tr. To 60th Ill., Jan 1, 1864.
William S. Johnson Bethel May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Discharged July 8, 1862.
Lewis T. Virginia Quincy May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Discharged July 23, 1861.
Isaac Aylshire Colchester May 21, 1861 May 24, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Aldrich, John Quincy May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Tr. to 60th Ill.. Jan. 1, 1864.
Bechtel, John Tr. to Regimental Band.
Burns, William H. Clayton Tr. to 60th Ill., Jan. 1, 1864.
Barnett, James Colchester
Barrett, Edward Bethel Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Bruce, William H. ? Discharged July 23, 1861.
Burns, Simon Quincy Tr. to 60th Ill. Jan. 1, 1864.
Crewdson, Lycurgus C. Payson Promoted 2d Lieutenant.
Colopy, Patrick Quincy Tr. to 60th Ill., Jan. 4, 1864.
Craig, Jesse S. Transferred to 60th Ill.
Collins, Mathew Discharged Dec. 27, 1861.
Cushen, William Tr. to 60th Ill. Jan. 1, 1864.
Coen, Patrick ?
Corwin, George Discharged Aug. 15, 1861.
Cusick, William H. Quincy Died May 5, 1862.
Coen, Charles N. Tr. To Glover’s Cav. Reg.
Dalton, James Colchester Discharged Oct. 1, 1861.
Dawson, Alexander Camp Point Deserted Oct. 12, 1861.
Darnall, Henry H. Quincy Tr. To 60th Ill. Jan. 1, 1864.
Fritz, Charles. Colchester Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Geeser, John Quincy Tr. To 60th Ill. Jan. 1, 1864.
Gernon, Stephen
Goodapple, George J. Tr. to 60th Ill, Jan. 1. 1864.
Garrett, Eli T. ? Discharged July 25, 1861.
Hays, John Quincy Tr. to 60th Ill., Jan. 1, 1864.
Henebry, Mark Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Hendricks, Benj. P. Bethel Died March 1, 1862.
Jarvis, James ?
Johnson, Alex. M, Bethel Disch. Oct. 11, ’61 disability.
Kendall, Edwin W, Quincy Discharged Oct. 3. 1862.
Kinney, Michael Disch. on sentence C. M.
King, Joseph N, Discharged Dec. 27, 1861.
Lane, Wilson Colchester Tr. to 60th Ill., Jan. 1, 1864.
Leary, Patrick J, Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Lynch, Michael Quincy Discharged Feb. 28, 1862.
Mealy, Richard Springfield Tr. to 60th Ill., Jan. 1, 1864.
McGrew, George W. Bethel Discharged Nov. 30, 1861.
McGinnis, Michael Quincy Tr. to 60th Ill.. Jan. 1, 1864.
McCarthy, Daniel Discharged July 25, 1861.
Mitchell, Thomas
Marshall, Austin H. Collona Disch. at St. Louis. Mo.
Miller, Thomas Clayton
McClintock, James M. Camp Point Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Mears, Benjamin F. Quincy
Moore, Wesley W. Middletown Deserted Oct. 11, 1861.
Merryman. John Clayton Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Newlands, Frederick Colchester May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861 Tr. To 60th Ill. Jan. 1, 1864.
Ryan, Rhoda Quincy
Ragan, Patrick
Raidy, Michael Lexington
Reevers, Adonijah Brooklyn Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Rugg, Austin Quincy Tr. to Co. D. 16th Ill. Inf.
Smithwait, John Colchester Died Jan. 7,1862.
Spencer, William Quincy Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Sullivan, Jerry Tr. to 60th Ill. Jan. 1. 1864.
Strickler, William H. Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Strickler, Reuben S. Houston Tr. to 60th Ill. Jan. 1, 1864.
Tramer, Henry Collona Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Thorp, James Colchester
Taylor, John Discharged July 25, 1861.
Taylor, Richard Deserted Oct. 12, 1861.
Tones, Walter Discharged July 25, 1861.
Tuttle, Charles G. Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Tucker, John P. Quincy Tr, to 60th Ill. Jan. 1, 1864.
Turner, Henry Colchester
Underwood, Isaac C. Quincy
Wittle, James Discharged July 25, 1861.
Woodrow, Peter
Wood, Andrew J. Quincy Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Wilson, Eli Middletown
Watt, George Quincy Tr, to 60th Ill. Jan. 1, 1864.
Watts, Hiram Colchester Discharged May 5, 1863 disability
Young, Robert Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Yenter, George Camp Point
Alshire, Isaac Colchester Dec. 23, 1863 Dec. 30, 1863 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Barrett, Edward F. Discharged July 5, 1865.
Clarkson, Andrew D. Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Fritz, Charles S. Tr. 1st U. S. Eng. Vet. Vol.
Henebry, Mark M.O. July 8.’65, as 1st Serg.
Hendricks, James F. Discharged June 22,1865.
Ives, Henry Mustered out July 8, 1965.
Leary, Patrick J.
McClintock, James M. Died Mar. 20,1865; wounds.
McKenna, Peter Mustered out July 8,1865.
Miles, Jacob
Merryman, John Promoted 1st Lieutenant.
Meares, Benjamin F. Mustered out July 8,1865.
McDaniel, William E. Kil’d:Kenes’wMt.J’ne27’64.
Spencer, Wm. H. H. Killed at Marietta, Ga., July4, 1864.
Seever, Adenijah Died Sept. 19,’65; wounds.
Smith, William C. Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Strickler, William H. Died Oct. 31, 1864.
Sheff, Hardin M.0. July 8,’65, as Serg’t.
Trainer, Henry
Tuttle, Charles G. Mustard out July 8, 1865.
Thorp, James
Wilson, Ely Died Nov 20, 1864.
Wilson, Pelatiah Pro. 1st Lieut. Mar. 28,’65.
Washburn, Montrose Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Wood, Andrew J.
Young, Robert M.O. July 8, 1865, as Corp.
Yenter, George
Bell, John M. LaPrairie Aug. 20, 1861 Aug. 20, 1861 Discharged Sept. 20,1864.
Bastion, Blumenshine Washington Dec. 12, 1863 Dee. 12, 1863 Mustered out July 8. 1865.
Barrett, Samuel D. Colchester Feb. 4, 1864 Feb. 19, 1864
Brundage, Daniel
Baglin, Thomas
Burbank, Jesse W. Naples Feb. 22, 1864, Feb. 22, 1864
Bills, James K. P. Exeter
Bennet, George W. Henderson Mar. 22, 1864 Mar. 22, 1864
Battey, Clayton Naples Feb. 22, 1864 Feb. 22, 1861
Bond, Charles M. ? June 17, 1863 Jul. 25, 1863 Mustered out June 24, 1865.
Brickel, Philip ? Sept. 2, 1862 Oct. 31, 1862 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Brula, Edward Dunleith Mar. 14, 1865 Mar. 14, 1965
Bewly, John Sycamore Aug. 9, 1862 Sept. 16, 1862
Campbell, George S. Quincy Jan. 30, 1862 Jan. 30, 1862 Discharged Jan. 30, 1865.
Chapin, Lorenzo D. Kelly Nov. 20, 1863 Nov. 20, 1863 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Connett, Austin Jackson Jan. 16, 1865 Jan. 16, 1865
Clarkson, Andrew D. Brown co Aug. 20, 1861 Aug. 20, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Dodds, Webster Doddsville July 24, 1961
Dredge, Joseph H. ? Mar. 22, 1864 Mar. 22, 1864 Mustered out July 8. 1865.
Dawson, Hiram C. New Hartford June 18, 1864 June 18, 1864
Ellis, Moax ? Jan. 5, 1864 Feb. 8, 1864 Mustered out Jul. 8, 1865.
EddelMan, John Henderson Mar. 22, 1864 Mar. 22, 1864
Erickson, Swan
Evans, Franklin Washington Jan. 16, 1865 Jan. 16, 1865
Finney, John W. Oxville Feb. 22, 1864 Feb. 22, 1864
Glascock, Edward C. Quincy Feb. 18, 1864 Feb. 19, 1864
Hendricks, James F. Huntsvilie, Mo. July 29, 1861 July 29, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Hobart, Lewis Colchester Aug. 13, 1861 Aug. 13, 1861 Discharged Aug. 13, 1864.
Holton, Samuel Henderson Mar. 22, 1864 Apr. 11, 1864 Mustered out May 21, 1865.
Hulbert, Alanson P. ? Oct. 17, 1862 Oct. 17, 1862 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Hill, James ? Jan. 4, 1864 Jan. 4, 1864
Ives, Henry ? Aug. 13, 1861 Aug. 13, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Johnson, John W. Plymouth May 24, 1861 May 24, 1861
Jenkins, William W. New Boston Jan. 30, 1864 Feb. 1, 1864 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Kemmis, Samuel Greenfield Feb. 4, 1865 Feb. 6, 1865
Kemp, Charles J. Quincy Jan. 3, 1864 Jan. 7, 1864 Died June 14, 1864.
Lane, William B. Colchester Dec. 9, 1861 Discharged Aug. 10, 1863.
Leeds. Elijah P. Quincy Jan. 21, 1864 Jan. 25, 1864 Mustered out May 16, 1865.
McDaniel, William E. June 13, 1861 June 13, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Mitchell, Jefferson Dec. 28, 1863 Dec. 29, 1863 Deserted Feb. 14, 1864.
McKenney, Peter Hudson Aug. 5, 1861 Aug. 5, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Miles, Jacob Adams co. Aug. 13, 1861 Aug. 13, 1861
Maxwell, Richard Henderson Mar. 31, 1861 Mar. 31, 1864 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
McLane, Edwin L. Quincy Feb. 18, 1864 Feb. 19, 1864
McReady, Frederick. Walker Dec. 28, 1863 Dec. 9, 1863
McGuire, Peter Henderson Mar. 22, 1864 Mar. 22.1864
Maxwell, James F. Rio Mar. 14, 1865 Mar. l4, 1865 Mustered out June 17,1865.
Nutall, William Colchester June 2, 1861 Discharged Feb. 2, 1862.
Proude, Matthew Greenfield Feb. 4, l865 Feb. 6, 1865 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Peninger, Washington Naples Mar. 21, 1865 Mar. 21, 1865
Putman, Elmer ?
Roberts, John Rushville Aug. 20, 1861 Discharged July 8, 1862.
Smith, William G. Quincy Aug. 13, 1861 Aug. 13, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Sheff, Hardin Brown Co. Aug. 20, 1861 Aug. 20, 1861
Scott, John McDonough co. Dec. 9, 1861 Discharged Nov. 25,1865.
Slater, Thomas Colchester Feb. 15, 1861 Feb. 19, 1861 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Sheppard, William R. Henderson Mar. 22, 1864 Mar. 22, 1864
Sperry, George G.
St. George, Thomas Kelly Mar. 1, 1864 Mar. 24, 1864
Shaffer, James W. ? Feb. 8, 1864
Thomas, David Camp Point Jan. 26, 1864 Jan. 28, 1864
Tucker, Thane M. Quincy Jan. 21, 1864 Jan. 25, 1864
Taylor, Samuel Apr. 15, 1863 May 28, 1863
Volk, Henry B. Quincy Feb. 3, 1864 Feb. 19, 1864
Washburn, Montrose Seneca June 12, 1861 June l2, 1861 Re-enlisted as Veteran.
Woodward, Howard B. Galesburg Oct. 17, 1862 Oct. 17, 1862 Mustered out July 8, 1865.
Wiley, Hosea Henderson Mar. 22, 1864 Mar. 22, 1864
Walton, John Kelly Nov. 20, 1863 Nov. 20, 1863
Walker, John N. Henderson Mar. 22, 1864 Mar. 22, 1864 Mustered out June 24. 1865.
Webster. Frank M. Quincy Dec. 31, 1863 Jan. 7, 1864 Deserted Nov. 22, 1864.
Zenter, John Houston Feb. 2, 1865 Feb. 4, 1865 Mustered out July 8, 1865.


Sources:    [ + ]

1. History from the Adjutant General’s Report.
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