Civil War Records 84th Infantry Illinois Volunteers, Company I

The Eighty-fourth Infantry was organized at Quincy in August, 1862, by Colonel L. H. Waters, of Macomb, Ill., and was mustered into the service of the United States September 1, 1862, with 939 men and officers.

The Regiment was ordered to Louisville, Ky., September 23, and was assigned to the Tenth Brigade of the Fourth Division, which had formerly been commanded by General Nelson.

On the organization of the Army of the Cumberland the Regiment was one of five composing the Third Brigade of the First Division of the Twenty-first Army Corps. General John M. Palmer commanded the Division, and General Thomas L. Crittenden, of Kentucky, the Corps.

After the battle of Chickamauga the Army was reorganized, and the Fourth and Fourteenth Corps were formed of the old Army of the Cumberland, while the Tenth and Twelfth Corps were combined and formed the Twentieth. The Eighty-fourth was one of nine regiments composing the Third Brigade of the First Division of the Fourth Corps. The Division was commanded by the gallant Major General Stanley, who was soon after assigned to the command of the Corps. The Regiment shared the fortunes of the Army of the Cumberland and was with it in every march and in every battle until the close of the war.

It was at the battle of Perryville and on the march with Buel through Kentucky in the pursuit of the Confederate army under Bragg.

When the famous "Kentucky Campaign" closed the Regiment went to Nashville, Tenn., via Mt. Vernon, Somerset, Columbia, Glasgow and Gallatin.

In the march from Buch Creek to Somerset, a distance of 12 miles, some 90 of the men were compelled to wade through snow, slush and mud the entire distance without shoes.

The Regiment participated in the battle of Stone River, where it lost 228 men and officers killed and wounded out of a total of 350 engaged.

It was in the Tullahoma Campaign and at the battle of Chickamauga. In Chattanooga during what was called the "Siege" and with Hooker at Lookout Mountain in "the fight above the clouds." It participated in the "Atlanta Campaign" and the battle of Franklin and Nashville under Thomas.

The Regiment was entitled to inscribe upon its battle flag the names of Perryville, Stone River, Woodbury, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold, Dalton, Buzzard Roost, Resaca, Burnt Hickory, Kenesaw Mountain, Smyrna, Jonesboro, Lovejoy Station, Franklin and Nashville.

The total casualties in battle were....558
Killed by accident.............................7
Died of disease..............................124
Total casualties..............................689

But three of the Regiment were taken prisoners, namely Lieutenant Colonel Morton, Corporal Chowning and Private Herbert of Company C. Colonel Morton was exchanged after having been nine months in Libby; Corporal Chowning escaped from Andersonville after having been a prisoner for more than one year, and rejoined his command during the Atlanta Campaign. Private Herbert, who had lost a leg at Chickamauga, was shot by a sentinel at Andersonville for having crossed the "Dead Line." His grave is numbered 1136.

History from the Adjutant General's Report.

Name and Rank Residence Date of Rank
or Enlistment
Remarks
Captains:
Albert J. Griffith Clayton Sept. 1, 1862 Resigned Feb. 1, 1863
Andrew S. McDowell Clayton Feb. 2, 1863 MO June 8, 1865
First Lieutenants:
William Scott Clayton Sept. 1, 1863 Resigned Feb. 15, 1863
John S. Logue Clayton Feb. 15, 1863 Resigned Dec. 31, 1863
David M. Alexander North East Jan. 8, 1864 MO June 8, 1865
Second Lieutenants:
Thomas F. Kendrick Clayton Sept. 1, 1862 Died Nov. 17, 1862
Andrew S. McDowell Clayton Nov. 27, 1862 Promoted
John S. Logue Clayton Feb. 2, 1863 "
David M. Alexander Clayton Feb. 15, 1863 "
Samuel Cain Clayton June 6, 1865 MO June 8, 1865 as Sgt.
First Sergeant:
M.P. Edwards Clayton July 23, 1862 Disch. Dec.,1862 as Pvt., Disability
Sergeants:
William Stevens Lee Aug. 5, 1862 Disch. Jan. 14, 1863, Disability
J. W. Whiteside Clayton " MO June 8, 1865 as Pvt.
John Daugherty Clayton " MO June 8, 1865
William Mills McKee " Died Nashville, Dec. 3, 1862
Corporals:
J. C. Logue Clayton Aug. 5, 1862 Promoted 2d Lt.
D.A. Alexander North East " Died Nashville, Jan. 20, 1863, wounds
J. B. Morris Concord " Disch. Nov. 15, 1864, Disability
James B. Manlove North East " MO June 8, 1865 as Sgt.
Samuel Cain Clayton " MO June 8, 1865 as 1st Sgt.
Joseph Stevens McKee " MO June 8, 1865
Henry Cromwell Clayton " MO June 8, 1865 as Sgt.
Edward Davis Pea Ridge " MO June 8, 1865
Privates:
Alexander, D. M. North East Aug. 5, 1862 Promoted 2d Lt.
Alexander, W. L. North East " MO June 8, 1865 as Cpl.
Backman, A. C. Clayton Aug. 1, 1862 Died Quincy, Oct. 22, 1864
Bates, Francis H. Clayton Aug. 5, 1862 Disch. Jan. 14, 1863, Disability
Binkley, N. A. Huntsville July 29, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Bolls, John Brown County Aug. 5, 1862 MO June 8, 1865, wounded
Brown, I. M. Concord " MO June 8, 1865
Brady, Hugh McKee July 26, 1862 Tr. to VRC Oct. 29, 1864, wounded
Brothers, Wilson McKee July 30, 1862 Drowned May 5, 1863
Brothers, Samuel McKee " Died Liberty, IL, Mar. 27, 1864
Bowker, Clark Huntsville Aug. 8, 1862 Disch. Jan. 17, 1863, Disability
Brown, Thomas N. Concord Aug. 9, 1862 MO June 8, 1865 as Cpl.
Barnart, Calvin McKee Aug. 8, 1862 Died Murfreesboro,TN, Mar. 24, 1863
Bobbitt, Hardy G. Pea Ridge July 28, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Butler, W. J. McKee Aug. 3, 1862 "
Bowman, John H. Lee Aug. 18, 1862 Died Nashville, Dec. 25, 1862
Cain, Nelson Clayton Aug. 5, 1862 Died Nashville, Feb. 7, 1863, wounds
Cain, Laban Clayton Aug. 4, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Crawford, W. D. McKee Aug. 3, 1862 Died Murfreesboro,TN., Jan. 10, 1863, wounds
Carter, John B. Clayton Aug. 14, 1862 MO June 8, 1865 as Cpl.
Clark, Archibald Brown County Aug. 5, 1862 Killed Stone River, Dec. 31, 1863
Derry, Basil Huntsville Aug. 22, 1862 Disch. Jan. 4, 1863, Disability
Daugherty, Thomas Clayton Aug. 5, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Davis, W. H. Huntsville July 20, 1862 "
Doyle, Samuel Clayton July 15, 1862 Dropped as deserter, Oct. 1, 1864
Fritzon, Fred J. Brown County Aug. 11, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Groves, Samuel W. McKee Aug. 3, 1862 "
Giddings, G. H. Pea Ridge Aug. 5, 1862 Disch. Feb. 7, 1863, Disability
Gallaway, T. G. Concord Aug. 9, 1862 Killed Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862
Henlon, William B. North East Aug. 8, 1862 Tr. to Inv Corps, Aug. 31, 1863
Henry, William E. Clayton Aug. 3, 1862 Disch. Dec. 24, 1862, Disability
Hall, Atlas McKee Aug. 5, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Horney, A. S. North East " Died Murfreesboro,TN., Jan. 24, 1863, wounds
Heigley, Harlow Concord Aug. 22, 1862 Died Nashville, Jan. 29, 1863, wounds
Handley, Wm. H. McKee Aug. 3, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Hamilton, Lemuel B. Canton, MO Aug. 5, 1862 Tr. to Brigade Band, May 20, 1863
Inman, Aaron McKee Aug. 8, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Johnson, Francis M. Buckhorn Aug. 5, 1862 Died Bowling Green, KY., Dec. 1, 1862
Johnson, Cyrene Buckhorn Aug. 13, 1862 Tr. to VRC Nov. 1, 1864, wounded
Kimry, John J. Huntsville Aug. 20, 1862 Killed Kenesaw Mt., June 24, 1864
Laughlin, F. Clayton Aug. 6, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Long, R. D. Clayton Aug. 5, 1862 Disch. Mar. 17, 1864, Disability
Lathrop, J. W. McKee Aug. 8, 1862 Died Nashville, Dec. 28, 1862
Lambert, Simeon Pea Ridge Aug. 5, 1862 Disch. Feb. 18, 1863, Disability
Myers, Thomas T. Buckhorn " Tr. to VRC Jan. 15, 1864
Myers, William H. Buckhorn " Died Louisville, KY., Jan. 26, 1863, wounds
Miller, Dirk LaPrairie " Killed Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862
Marshall, Elisha Clayton " MO June 8, 1865
Manlove, David R. LaPrairie Aug. 8, 1862 Died Nashville, Mar.  29,  1863, wounds
Martin, David H. Beverly Aug. 5, 1862 Died Nashville, Dec. 14, 1862
Martin, Thomas Concord Aug. 9, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Mason, Peter McKee Aug. 5, 1862 Disch. Dec. 1862, wounds
McCurdy, Daniel Pea Ridge July 13, 1862 MO June 8, 1865, wounded
McDowell, A. S. Clayton July 6, 1862 Promoted Q.M. Sgt.
McCowan, J. D. Clayton July 9, 1862 MO June 8, 1865, wounded
Pevehouse, Wm. W. Clayton Aug. 22, 1862 MO June 8, 1865 as Sgt.
Patterson, W. S. Lee July 15, 1862 Killed Kenesaw Mt., June 24, 1864
Pevehouse, J. B. Clayton July 5, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Stevens, George M. Concord Aug. 5, 1862 Died Nashville, Feb. 16, 1863, wounds
Shehony, William W. McKee Aug. 8, 1862 Died Louisville, Dec. 9, 1862
Scott, Crawford Clayton Aug. 3, 1862 Killed Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862
Stinson, James Buckhorn Aug. 11, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Stevens, Robert Concord Aug. 12, 1862 MO June 8, 1865, wounded
Slagle, D. N. McKee Aug. 5, 1862 MO June 8, 1865 as Cpl.
Shehony, Duddley McKee " Died Murfreesboro,TN, Apr.23,1863
Slagle, John F. McKee Aug. 3, 1862 MO June 8, 1865
Tatman, Charles L. McKee Aug. 8, 1862 "
Thomas, Warren O. Pea Ridge Aug. 4, 1862 "
Taylor, Ithamar S. Quincy Aug. 5, 1862 Tr. to Brigade Band, May 20, 1863
Wright, John G. Lee " Disch. Mar. 19, 1863, Disability
Worley, Elihu McKee " Died Louisville, July 18, 1863
Wright, Alonzo O. Huntsville " Tr to VRC July 26, 1864
Widenhammer, J. L. Huntsville Aug. 13, 1862 Disch. Apr. 25, 1863, Disability
Wear, D. C. McKee Aug. 11, 1862 MO June 8, 1865 as Cpl.
Webb, William H. McKee " Disch. June 6, 1864, wounds
Recruits:
Bell, James ? Aug. 20, 1862 Died Nashville, Dec. 15, 1862
Brady, Charles M. Buckhorn Mar. 14, 1864 Tr to Co F, 21st IL Inf.
Hawk, David ? Aug. 8, 1862 Died Bowling Green, KY., Dec. 5, 1862
Myers, George T. Buckhorn Mar. 14, 1864 Tr to Co F, 21st IL Inf.
Myers, Gilbert K. Buckhorn " "
Thomas, Curtis E. Clayton Mar. 6, 1865 "
Turner, Abram ? Aug. 5, 1862 Died Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862, wounds
Whitlock, Ervin ? Aug. 15, 1862 Tr to VRC Sept. 30, 1863

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